Up to 9 weeks gestation effectiveness is 98% for the combined regime and between 75% and 90% for misoprostol alone[7–9]. Medical abortion refers to the use of a drug or a combination of drugs to terminate pregnancy.
- Testimonies also reflect uncertainty and anxiety about how long the process will last, when they will be able to return to their daily life and whether or not certain activities are safe to do .
- Few of the women who obtain the medication outside clinical settings can specify the name of the medication they used for pregnancy termination and cannot precise if they were antibiotics, analgesics or tranquilizers.
- It is frequently used in police blotters, dispatches, reports, and medical or physiological documents to encompass girls and women.
- She also completed a Diploma in Project Management for Cooperation (FLACSO-OEI) and specializations in Communication, Extension and Science Education.
The social activism of the 20th century fueled the production of theories that form the tradition of Latin American feminist philosophy as well as its place in the academy. However, the study of Latin American feminist philosophy remains scarce and derelict . The existence of Latin American feminist philosophers has been largely denied, and the specificities of their theoretical contributions have been erased under the sexist, Eurocentric orientation of philosophy. Recognition of their existence is a political act that contests the dominant architecture of the history of philosophy. Taking account of Latin American feminist philosophy requires a historical and philosophical reconstruction that understands the fact that women from Latin America and the Caribbean have long been thinkers. Overall women find MA acceptable even though it might not be their first choice if they had the possibility to select between surgical or medical methods. In some cases attempts to terminate pregnancy with misoprostol are not successful and pregnancy continues.
As misoprostol became more widely used the use of highly unsafe and invasive abortion methods gradually became less frequent. Women value the safety and effectiveness of MA as well as the privacy that it allows and the possibility of having their partner, a friend or a person of their choice nearby during the process.
‚An open dialogue about pay can make a huge difference’
Some women seek medical care shortly after bleeding starts, either because they are afraid that something bad will happen to them, or because they were told to do so by the person who instructed them on how to use the medication. In many Latin American countries pharmacies are widely used as a source of medical advice, especially by lower income populations, and women have traditionally resorted to pharmacies in search for drugs to bring on menstruation when they have a delayed menstrual period. Misoprostol is purchased at retail pharmacies either as the entire package or by the pill, usually without prescription despite the fact that government regulations require sale under prescription[11, 20–22, 34]. Pharmacy staff often recommend misoprostol for pregnancy termination but their knowledge about dosage, route of administration, side effects complications and effectiveness is often poor in quality. In these cases, we only selected the information which could shed light on the experience of undergoing a medical abortion.
One important change is that men are participating more than before in household and unpaid care work, initially as a result of lockdowns, but subsequently during the pandemic. At the same time that the world was grappling with COVID-19, another “shadow pandemic” brought death and suffering to many parts of Latin America. Both gender-based violence and femicide—killing a woman simply because of her gender—increased dramatically. From Naya Rivera’s role asSantana LopezonGleeto Shakira and Jennifer Lopez’s somewhat infamous music videos toshameless advertisements, it’s not hard to find examples of thesexualization of Latina womenin pop culture. But there’s a more insidious side to this kind of stereotyping — besides being inaccurate, these types of depictions have been used to blame high rates of teen pregnancies in the community on the „spicy Latina.” Though theCenter for American Progressreports that the level of educational attainment for Latinas has risen in the past few years, graduation rates for Latinas, at 31.3% in 2008, are still significantly lower than graduation rates for white women, at 45.8%.
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
The letters collected here date from the 4th to the 13th centuries, and they are presented in their original Latin as well as in English translation. The letters are organized by the name and biography of the women writers or recipients. Biographical sketches of the women, descriptions of the subject matter of the letters, and the historical context of the correspondence are included where available. Sandra López Vergès is a Panamanian biochemist with a Ph.D. in Microbiology speciality Virology.
Only a minority of studies include women who completed the MA process alone, without preabortion counseling and/or postabortion care. Adolescent women are underrepresented in the available studies and the experience of those under age 15 is completely absent. We know nothing about women who had failed medical abortions and continued on with their pregnancy, and very little about those who had a legal abortion within the health care system or those who received misoprostol for postabortion care. In addition, most literature comes from large urban settings, and few studies include rural or indigenous women. More and updated scientific evidence on medical abortion in Latin American is needed in order for researchers, activists, https://gardeniaweddingcinema.com/latin-women/ policy makers and health care providers to have a better and more comprehensive understanding of its impact on women’s lives and health. The idea that class is a key dimension of women’s lives is one that is rooted in Latin American feminist activisms of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As previously noted in Section 1 , women’s fights for equality of this time were framed in terms of equitable access to social goods (e.g., education).
In several Latin American countries medical abortion has enabled the implementation of harm reduction policies. Based on the right to health, autonomy, confidentiality and information, health professionals provide women with unwanted pregnancies pre-abortion counseling including information on how to self-induce a medical abortion, and postabortion care. Medication is not provided since it would be against the law, women have to obtain it by their own means. Medical abortion has radically changed abortion practices worldwide, and particularly in legally restricted contexts. Women can now access a non-invasive, safe and effective method, which is more affordable than surgical methods and does not require third party participation in the procedure. In Latin America women have been using misoprostol for self-induced home abortions for over two decades.
Giving women equal opportunities to develop and thrive in STEM careers helps reduce the gender wage gap, improves women’s economic security, ensures a diverse and talented workforce, and avoids bias in these fields and in the products and services produced. Some of the highest earning STEM occupations, such as computer science and engineering, have the lowest percentages of women workers. To foster sustainable development, drive innovation, social welfare and inclusive growth we need more women in STEM. In Argentina last year there were 251 recorded femicides — the killing of women for being women — according to official figures. In “Witches,” published in August by Catapult, the Mexican author Brenda Lozano used the space between the real and unreal to explore “different levels” of violence against women — from expectations about gender roles to abuse and femicide.
However, it also reflected the genesis of Latin American feminist ideas in women’s political activism. So, although mired in conflict, the Encuentros signaled the intimate ties between ideas regarding gender struggle and the political conditions that give rise to those ideas.